Volume 3 Issue 1
Addressing Health Disparities in Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Argun D. Can, M.D.*, Steven S. Coughlin, PhD
African Americans are more likely to die from a variety of common chronic diseases including stroke, congestive heart failure, diabetes, hypertension, and major forms of cancer. Previous authors have expressed concern that many blackwhite disparities in morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases have not diminished in the United States in recent decades despite concerted efforts to address them.
Knowledge Translation and Adolescent Girls’ Sexual Health Education in Indigenous Communities
D. L. Begoray, E. Banister*
Adolescent health issues can have long-term consequences for youth themselves now and as they become adults, and for the community’s social and health systems. While the general adolescent population is already at risk for poor health, the problem is more pronounced in Indigenous communities. This disparity is even more obvious for adolescent sexual–dating health concerns. There is a dire need for health education programs that reach adolescents ‘where they are.’ We argue that such programs would be more effective, especially with Indigenous adolescent girls, if they were founded upon community-based knowledge translation (KT) principles.
Obesity And Related Cardiometabolic Risk In Young Us Hispanic Farmworkers: A Neglected Public Health Problem
Anas Raed, Jigar Bhagatwala, Pamela Cromer, Haidong Zhu, Norman K. Pollock, Andrew Mazzoli, Nirja Acharya, Riya Basu, Kunal Patel, Grace Patterson, Tarun Ramayya, Sajiv Alias, Ishita Kotak, Yutong Dong, Ying Huang, Samip J. Parikh, Wenjun Li, Chris Houk, Debbie Layman, and Yanbin Dong*
According to the report of US Census Bureau, Hispanics are the largest ethnic minority group in the nation. Moreover, the US Hispanic population is projected to grow to 128.8 million in 2060, raising them up to nearly 31% of the US population. Limited data suggest a high prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in Hispanics. Overweight and obesity are serious and epidemic problems globally, and more concerning in US Hispanics.
Impact of Mental Health Training on Mental Well-being of Lay Counselors in Northern Uganda
Henry Oboke, Anne Abio, Felix Kaducu Ocaka, Morten Sodemann, Ask Elklit, Emilio Ovuga*
Data on the impact of mental health first aid training on the mental well-being of lay counselors is limited despite a wealth of research on the training of lay counselors. We tested the hypothesis that mental health first aid training improves the mental well-being of trainees. We trained 60 community representatives selected based on desired qualities in Gulu district using an experiential training method. We assessed pre- and immediate post training mental well-being of trainees with the 32-item Response Inventory for Stressful Events (RISLE) in terms of the prevalence of suicidal ideation using. Just under 78 percent (77.8%) of the trainees were male while 22.2% were female.
Mental Health : A Major Challenge for Health Authorities
Mattig T*, Chastonay P
The World Health Organization recently reported that mental health disorders account for a significant proportion of disability adjusted life years (DALYs), responsible for 37% of the healthy years of life lost due to chronic non-communicable diseases, with depression alone accounting for one third. WHO called for action.